E-bikes - Read Our Blog for the Latest News and Reviews

Towwhee Canada – Discover the Beautiful Varieties of Towhees in Canada and Their Unique Characteristics

Canada is home to a wide variety of beautiful bird species, including the Rufous-sided Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus). Known for its striking colors and unique markings, the eastern Towhee is a favorite among birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts.

The Rufous-sided Towhee can be found throughout Canada, particularly in the eastern provinces. With its deep chestnut and black plumage, it is easy to spot against the green forest backdrop. The male Towhee is especially distinctive, with its bold red eyes and vibrant white belly.

Not only is the Rufous-sided Towhee a visually stunning bird, but it also has a beautiful song. Its melodic trills and whistles can often be heard echoing through the wooded areas of Canada. Birdwatchers and nature lovers will be enchanted by the Towhee’s rich, musical notes.

If you’re hoping to catch a glimpse of the Rufous-sided Towhee, there are a few key areas in Canada where you’re most likely to spot this stunning bird. Look for the Towhee in dense shrublands, thickets, and forests with a mix of open clearings. It prefers habitats with a combination of trees, shrubs, and open spaces.

So, grab your binoculars and head out into the great outdoors. With its striking plumage, beautiful song, and wide distribution throughout eastern Canada, the Rufous-sided Towhee is a must-see for any birdwatching enthusiast. Keep your eyes and ears open, and you may just catch a glimpse of this stunning bird in action!

Eastern towhee

The Eastern towhee, scientifically known as Pipilo erythrophthalmus, is a beautiful bird species that can be found in Canada. It is a member of the towhee family and is known for its distinctive and vibrant plumage.


The Eastern towhee is a medium-sized bird, measuring approximately 7 to 9 inches in length. It has a black head, back, wings, and tail, with contrasting white underparts. The male Eastern towhee has a striking reddish-brown side, while the female has a more subdued coloration.

This bird species has a strong and chunky build with a large, conical bill. Its eyes are bright red, which adds to its overall visual appeal. The Eastern towhee is known for its distinctive call, which sounds like “drink-your-tea” or “tow-hee” and is often heard throughout its habitat.

Habitat and Distribution

The Eastern towhee can be found in various habitats across Canada, including forests, thickets, shrublands, and woodland edges. It prefers areas with dense undergrowth and thick vegetation, as it provides ample cover and foraging opportunities.

While the Eastern towhee is widely distributed across North America, its range extends into southern regions of Canada during the breeding season. They can be found in provinces such as Ontario, Quebec, and the Atlantic provinces.

During the winter months, some Eastern towhees migrate to the southern United States and Mexico, while others remain in Canada if sufficient food resources are available.

Behavior and Diet

The Eastern towhee is primarily a ground-dwelling bird that spends its time foraging for food on the forest floor. It uses its bill to scratch and dig in the leaf litter, searching for insects, seeds, berries, and other small invertebrates.

This bird species is known for its scratching behavior, where it uses both feet to kick up leaf litter in search of food. It also uses its bill to probe into the soil or flip over fallen leaves to uncover hidden prey.

The Eastern towhee is generally a shy and elusive bird, often staying hidden in dense vegetation. However, it can be spotted perched on low branches or singing from elevated perches to mark its territory during the breeding season.

Note: The Eastern towhee is protected by wildlife laws and regulations in Canada. It is important to respect and appreciate these beautiful birds from a distance and avoid disturbing their natural habitats.

Pipilo erythrophthalmus

The Pipilo erythrophthalmus, also known as the rufous-sided towhee, is a species of bird that can be found in Canada. This beautiful bird has a distinctive reddish-brown coloration on its sides, giving it its name “rufous-sided.” The scientific name for this species is Pipilo erythrophthalmus, which translates to “red-eyed towhee.”

The rufous-sided towhee is known for its lively song, which can be heard throughout the forests and woodlands of Canada. It has a unique call that sounds like “drink-your-tea” and is often used to mark its territory and attract mates.

These birds are primarily ground-dwelling and can often be found foraging for food on the forest floor. They have a varied diet that includes insects, seeds, berries, and small fruits. The rufous-sided towhee uses its strong beak to probe the ground and leaf litter in search of food.

In Canada, the rufous-sided towhee can be found in a variety of habitats, including forests, woodlands, and shrublands. They are most commonly found in the eastern and central parts of the country, but can also be seen in parts of western Canada.

During the breeding season, male rufous-sided towhees will establish territories and court females using their distinctive songs. They will use a combination of hopping, wing-fluttering, and tail-spreading displays to attract a mate.

The female rufous-sided towhee will then build a nest on or near the ground, often hidden amongst vegetation. The nest is typically made of twigs, leaves, and grasses, and lined with softer materials such as moss and feathers.

Once the eggs are laid, the female will incubate them for about two weeks before they hatch. Both parents will then work together to feed and care for the chicks until they are ready to fledge.

Overall, the rufous-sided towhee is a beautiful and fascinating bird that can be found in Canada. Its distinctive coloration, lively songs, and unique behaviors make it a delight to observe in the wild.

Rufous-sided towhee

The rufous-sided towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus) is a beautiful bird that can be found in Canada. This species of towhee is known for its striking plumage, with a rufous color on its sides. Its name, “towhee,” comes from the sound it makes, which sounds like “tow-hee” or “chewink.”

The rufous-sided towhee is a common sight in wooded areas, where it can be seen hopping along the ground, foraging for food. Its diet consists of insects, seeds, and berries. This bird is known for its scratching behavior, where it uses its feet to dig through leaf litter in search of food.

Male rufous-sided towhees have a black head, back, and tail, while their sides are rufous in color. The rest of their body is a creamy white, with distinct black streaks on their wings. Females have similar coloring, but their plumage is not as vibrant.

During the breeding season, male towhees can be heard singing a beautiful song to attract mates. This song is a series of whistling notes and trills that can be heard from near and far. Mating pairs typically build their nests on the ground, hidden among dense vegetation.

Overall, the rufous-sided towhee is a wonderful bird to observe in Canada. Its striking plumage and distinctive song make it a favorite among birdwatchers. If you’re lucky enough to spot one, be sure to enjoy its beauty and take a moment to appreciate the wonders of nature.